Wednesday, 11 May 2016

Sessions, Parallel run and Dependency in Selenium

Why do we need Session Handling?

During test execution, the Selenium WebDriver has to interact with the browser all the time to execute given commands. At the time of execution, it is also possible that, before current execution completes, someone else starts execution of another script ,in the same machine and in the same type of browser.
In such situation, we need a mechanism by which our two different executions should not overlap with each other. This can be achieved using Session Handling in Selenium.

How to achieve Session Handling in Selenium WebDriver?

If you check the source code of Selenium WebDriver, you will find a variable named as 'sessionId'. Whenever we create a new instance of WebDriver object, a new 'sessionId' will be generated and attached with that particular Firefox/Chrome/IE Driver ().
    
So anything we do after this will execute only in that particular Firefox browser session.
As this is an in-built functionality, there is no explicit need to assign the session id
Code Example: Here two different sessions will be generate for two different WebDriver.
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import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver;
public class SessionHandling {
public static void main(String...strings ){
    //First session of WebDriver
    WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();
    //Goto guru99 site
    driver.get("http://demo.guru99.com/V4/");
     
    //Second session of WebDriver
    WebDriver driver2 = new FirefoxDriver();
    //Goto guru99 site
    driver2.get("http://demo.guru99.com/V4/");
}
}

Run Scripts in Parallel

There are situations where you want to run multiple tests at the same time.
In such cases one can use "parallel" attribute
The parallel attribute of suite tag can accept four values:
tests
All the test cases inside <test> tag of testing xml file will run parallel.
classes
All the test cases inside a java class will run parallel
methods
All the methods with @Test annotation will execute parallel.
instances
Test cases in same instance will execute parallel but two methods of two different instances will run in different thread.
The attribute thread-count allows you to specify how many threads should be allocated for this execution.
      
Complete Example: In this Example three test cases will run parallel and fill login data in http://demo.guru99.com
Complete project will looks like:
TestGuru99MultipleSession.java
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import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
import org.testng.annotations.Test;
public class TestGuru99MultipleSession {
    @Test   
    public void executSessionOne(){
            //First session of WebDriver
        System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver","chromedriver.exe");
            WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver();
            //Goto guru99 site
            driver.get("http://demo.guru99.com/V4/");
            //find user name text box and fill it
            driver.findElement(By.name("uid")).sendKeys("Driver 1");
             
        }
         
    @Test   
        public void executeSessionTwo(){
            //Second session of WebDriver
        System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver","chromedriver.exe");
        WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver();
            //Goto guru99 site
        driver.get("http://demo.guru99.com/V4/");
        //find user name text box and fill it
        driver.findElement(By.name("uid")).sendKeys("Driver 2");
         
        }
         
    @Test   
        public void executSessionThree(){
            //Third session of WebDriver
        System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver","chromedriver.exe");
        WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver();
            //Goto guru99 site
        driver.get("http://demo.guru99.com/V4/");
        //find user name text box and fill it
        driver.findElement(By.name("uid")).sendKeys("Driver 3");
         
        }       
}
TestNG.XML
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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE suite SYSTEM "http://testng.org/testng-1.0.dtd">
<suite name="TestSuite" thread-count="3" parallel="methods" >
<test name="testGuru">
<classes>
<class name="TestGuru99MultipleSession">
</class>
</classes>
</test>
</suite>

Test Case order and Dependency

You can set order and dependency of test case execution.
Suppose you have two test cases , 'testGuru99TC1' and 'testGuru99TC2' and you want to execute test case 'testGuru99TC2' before 'testGuru99TC1'. In that case we will use 'dependsOnMethods' attribute to make dependency and order of execution.
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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE suite SYSTEM "http://testng.org/testng-1.0.dtd">
<suite name="TestSuite" thread-count="3" parallel="methods" >
<test name="testGuru">
<classes>
<class name="TestGuru99MultipleSession">
<include value="testGuru99TC1" dependsOnMethods=" testGuru99TC2"/>
<include value="testGuru99TC2"/>
</class>
</classes>
</test>
</suite>

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